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Ethical Hacking: The 101 and Basics

Ethical Hacking: The Ultimate Guide

Ethical hacking is the process of identifying vulnerabilities in a computer system or network and exploiting them for purposes other than causing damage. Ethical hackers are also known as white hat hackers, and their work is similar to that of penetration testers.

The Purpose of Ethical Hacking

The purpose of ethical hacking is to find and exploit security vulnerabilities in a system or network in order to help the organization fix these vulnerabilities before they can be exploited by malicious actors. Ethical hacking can also be used to test an organization’s security posture and measure its ability to detect and respond to attacks.

The Ethical Hacking Process

The ethical hacking process typically involves four steps: reconnaissance, scanning, exploitation, and reporting.

Reconnaissance is the first step in ethical hacking, and it involves gathering information about the target system or network. This information can be gathered through social engineering, web searches, and other methods.

Scanning is the second step in ethical hacking, and it involves using tools to scan the target system or network for vulnerabilities. These vulnerabilities can then be exploited to gain access to the system or data.

Exploitation is the third step in ethical hacking, and it involves exploiting vulnerabilities in order to gain access to the system or data. Ethical hackers will typically use a combination of automated and manual tools to exploit vulnerabilities.

Reporting is the fourth and final step in ethical hacking, and it involves creating a report that details the findings of the ethical hacker. This report can then be used to help the organization fix the vulnerabilities that were found.

Ethical hacking is a powerful tool that can be used to improve an organization’s security posture. However, it is important to note that ethical hacking should only be conducted with the permission of the organization being tested.

Common Ethical Hacking Myths Debunked

There are a number of myths surrounding ethical hacking, and these myths can often lead to misunderstanding about what ethical hacking is and how it should be used.

Myth 1: Ethical Hacking Is Illegal

Ethical hacking is not illegal, and it can actually be beneficial for organizations if it is conducted with their permission. Ethical hackers typically use the same tools and techniques as malicious hackers, but they do not use them for illegal purposes.

Myth 2: Ethical Hacking Is the Same as Penetration Testing

Ethical hacking is similar to penetration testing, but there are some important differences. Penetration testing is a type of security test that is conducted by authorized personnel with the permission of the organization being tested. Ethical hacking, on the other hand, can be conducted without the permission of the organization being tested.

Myth 3: Ethical Hackers Are Not held Accountable for Their Actions

Ethical hackers can be held accountable for their actions if they violate the terms of their agreement with the organization they are working for. Ethical hackers must follow strict guidelines when conducting their work, and they can be fired or even prosecuted if they break the law.